: Spinal Injury Statistics
Spinal Cord Injury Statistics
In the UK every year, there are around 1200 people paralysed from a spinal cord injury. There are currently thought to be approximately 40,000 people in the UK living with paralysis. This statistic only shows the people who have been through a spinal cord injury centre, and does not include those who have suffered paralysis and been treated in a general hospital.
In the UK, a person is paralysed every 8 hours.
In the UK, it is estimated that the current annual cost of caring for people paralysed by spinal cord injury is more than £500 million. 21% of people discharged from Spinal Cord Injury Centres go into nursing homes, hospitals or other institutionalised settings rather than their own homes.
Around 20% of patients leave Spinal Cord Injury Centres clinically depressed.
(Source: Aspire, Every Eight Hours)
Causes of Traumatic Spinal Injury
Breakdown of Road Traffic Accident
Breakdown percentages are a proportion of overall
number of Traumatic Spinal Cord Injuries
Breakdown of Fall Statistics
Breakdown of Sports Statistics
UK Population 2001
The population of the United Kingdom
on Census Day 2001 was 58,789,194 it has been revealed by the Registrars
General for England and Wales, for Scotland and for Northern Ireland.
The populations of individual countries were: England 49,138,831
(83.6 per cent of the total population); Scotland 5,062,011 (8.6
per cent); Wales 2,903,085 (4.9 per cent); Northern Ireland 1,685,267
(2.9 per cent).
Statistics of Spinal Cord Injuries in
the United States
IIt is estimated that the annual incidence of spinal cord
injury (SCI), not including those who die at the scene of the
accident, is approximately 40 cases per million population in the
U. S. or approximately 12,000 new cases each year. Since there
have not been any overall incidence studies of SCI in the U.S.
since the 1970's it is not known if incidence has changed in recent
The number of people in the United States who are
alive in 2009 who have SCI has been estimated to be
approximately 262,000 persons, with a range of 231,000 to
311,000 persons. Note: Incidence and prevalence statistics are
estimates obtained from several studies. These statistics are not
derived from the National SCI Database.
SCI primarily affects young adults. From 1973 to
1979, the average age at injury was 28.7 years, and most injuries
occurred between the ages of 16 and 30. However, as the median
age of the general population of the United States has increased by
approximately 8 years since the mid-1970’s, the average age at
injury has also steadily increased over time. Since 2005, the
average age at injury is 40.2 years. Other possible reasons for the
observed trend toward older age at injury might include changes in
either referral patterns to model systems, the locations of model
systems, survival rates of older persons at the scene of the accident,
or age-specific incidence rates. tetraplegia have decreased slightly.
Overall, 80.8% of spinal cord injuries reported to the
national database have occurred among males. Over the history of
the database, there has been a slight trend toward a decreasing
percentage of males. Prior to 1980, 81.8% of new spinal cord
injuries occurred among males.
Since 2005, motor vehicle crashes account for 41.3%
of reported SCI cases. The next most common cause of SCI is
falls, followed by acts of violence (primarily gunshot wounds), and
recreational sporting activities. The proportion of injuries that are
due to sports has decreased over time while the proportion of
injuries due to falls has increased. Violence caused 13.3% of
spinal cord injuries prior to 1980, and peaked between 1990 and
1999 at 24.8% before declining to only 15.0% since 2005.
ersons with tetraplegia
have sustained injuries to one of the eight cervical segments of the
spinal cord; those with paraplegia have lesions in the thoracic,
lumbar, or sacral regions of the spinal cord.
Since 2005, the most
frequent neurologic category at discharge of persons reported to
the database is:
30.1% incomplete quadriplegia (tetraplegia)
25.6% complete paraplegia
20.4% complete quadriplegia (tetraplegia)
18.4 % incomplete paraplegia.
Less than 1% of persons
experienced complete neurologic recovery by hospital discharge.
Over the last 15 years, the percentage of persons with incomplete
tetraplegia has increased while complete paraplegia and complete
tetraplegia have decreased slightly.
Detailed Information from the US can
be found at the National
Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center (NSCISC).
Number of neurons in human spinal cord
Length of human spinal cord = 45 cm (male); 43 cm (female)
Length of human vertebral column = 70 cm
Length of cat spinal cord = 34 cm
Length of rabbit spinal cord = 18 cm
Weight of human spinal cord = 35 gm
Weight of rabbit spinal cord = 4 gm
Weight of rat spinal cord (400 gm body weight) = 0.7 gm
Maximal Circumference of cervical enlargement
= 38 mm
Maximal Circumference of lumbar enlargement = 35 mm
Pairs of Spinal Nerves = 31
Number of Spinal Cord segments = 318 cervical segments
12 thoracic segments
5 lumbar segments
5 sacral segments
1 coccygeal segment
The Matt Hampson
Trust - Rugby Accident
Support : Spinal Injury