Spinal Cord Injury Levels - Functionality of C6 Spinal Cord Injury
Mobility & Movement
Full head and neck movement with good muscle
strength. Good shoulder movement.
Complete paralysis of body and legs. No finger
movement, no elbow extension, no wrist flexion. Good wrist
extension, good elbow flexion.
A passive key grip may be present by flexing
the wrist backwards, but will be weak.
Sympathetic nervous system will be compromised,
possibility of Autonomic Dysreflexia.
Electric wheelchair can be controlled with
a hand control for uneven outdoor surfaces. A manual wheelchair
may be used for short distances on flat surfaces.
The person will require total
assistance when transferring from floor to chair. Assistance
will vary for transfer from bed to wheelchair, and wheelchair
to car. A sliding board may be used in assisting with the
Ability to feed self using feeding
strap and fork or spoon during mealtimes. Food will need cutting.
Able to make hot drinks with adapted kettle using a "kettle
Ability to drive a car adapted with hand controls. Assistance may be required to load wheelchair into car independently.
Able to breathe without a ventilator
using diaphragm. Low stamina.
Assistance required to clear secretions
and assistance in coughing may be required. Additional coughing
techniques can be applied to assist in coughing by leaning
forward whilst exhaling.
Personal assistance is required.
The person will need assistance with washing, dressing, and
assistance with bowel and bladder management. Ability to empty
own legbag will depend on dexterity and strength.
Ability to partially dress upper
body, however, assistance may be required to dress lower body.
Ability to shave, brush hair and
brush teeth is possible with palm straps.
Complete domestic care is required,
such as household cleaning, washing of clothes and kitchen
Ability with adapted equipment
to prepare simple meals and simple general household duties.
A computer may be operated using
a typing stick or voice recognition. Telephone can be used
using voice recognition and headset.
The above functionality guide is only a general guide. Abilities will vary depending on the persons weight, existing medical conditions and age.