Spinal Cord Injury Levels - Functionality of L2 - S5 Spinal Cord Injury
Mobility & Movement
Full head and neck movement with normal muscle
strength. Normal shoulder movement. Full use of arms, wrists
Full upper body control and balance.
Some hip, knee and foot movement depending
on the level of injury. The lower the injury, the more control
A manual wheelchair may be used for everyday
living, with the ability to go over uneven ground.
Ability to transfer independently
from bed to chair, and chair to car. It may be possible to
transfer from floor to chair depending on upper body strength.
Depending on the level of injury,
walking may be possible with assistance or aids. Walking will
be slow and difficult though.
Ability to drive a car adapted
with hand controls. Ability to load wheelchair into car independently.
Normal respiratory system.
Should be independent in personal
care as long as no other factors are involved, ie, additional
injuries, severe spasticity etc.
Partial domestic assistance is
required, such as heavy household cleaning, home maintenance.
Ability to prepare complex meals
and general household duties independently.
Normal communication skills apply.
The above functionality guide is only a general guide. Abilities will vary depending on the persons weight, existing medical conditions and age.