Spinal Cord Injury Levels - Functionality of L2 - S5 Spinal Cord Injury

Spinal Injury Level Sections

C1 - C3 : C4 : C5 : C6 : C7 - C8 : T1 - T4 : T5 - T9 : T10 - L1 : L2 - S5

Mobility & Movement

A person with a L2-S5 spinal cord injury would have full upper limb use resulting in good power in the arms and hands. Muscle function in the torso and trunk would be preserved with some hip, knee and foot movement depending on the level of injury. The lower the injury, the more control over movement.

Depending on the level of injury, walking may be possible with assistance or aids. Walking will be slow and difficult though. A manual wheelchair may be used for everyday living, with the ability to go over uneven ground.

Ability to transfer independently from bed to chair, and chair to car. It may be possible to transfer from floor to chair depending on upper body strength.

Ability to drive a car adapted with hand controls. Ability to load wheelchair into car independently.

Respiratory System

Normal respiratory system.

Personal Care

Should be independent in personal care as long as no other factors are involved, ie, additional injuries, severe spasticity etc.

Domestic Care

Partial domestic assistance is required, such as heavy household cleaning, home maintenance.

Ability to prepare complex meals and general household duties independently.


Normal communication skills apply.

The above functionality guide is only a general guide. Abilities will vary depending on the persons weight, existing medical conditions and age.